Egypt's General Prosecutor
On September 12, 2019, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi appointed Judge Hamada Elsayed Mohamed Abdel Fattah Elsawy as the General Prosecutor. Before this appointment, Elsawy was the president of the Appeals Court and the head of the Institute for Criminal Research and Training.
Elsawy was born on September 27,1961. He holds a BA in law from Assuit University. Elsawy has participated in international events and visited Western countries as part of his job, including leading judicial delegations on a February 2018 visit to the United States and on a visit to Spain, to learn about its judicial system.
As the General Prosecutor, Elsawy bears overall responsibility for public prosecution, including in state security cases. The head of the Supreme State Security Prosecution, Judge Khaled Diaa El-Din, reports directly to Elsawy. Prosecutors working under Elsawy have engaged in widespread and systematic human rights violations, especially in prosecuting those targeted for their peaceful speech and political activity, which are protected by international human rights law. These prosecutors used their discretion to order the arrest and pretrial detention of peaceful activists, repeatedly requested extension of detention orders without presenting evidence that such detention met the statutory criteria and brought multiple, revolving door charges against defendants to keep them behind bars long after the two-year statutory maximum period of pretrial detention. In addition, in the case of Kholud Said Amer, Elsawy failed to respond to a telegram asking to know the whereabouts of Amer. Amer was forcibly disappeared for about a week before she appeared in front of Alexandria State Security Public Prosecution office.
DAWN requested a response from Judge Elsawy by writing to the Egyptian government, but no response has been received as of publication.